游牧 vs 半定居
Desertification in Korqin-Social Factors
The agriculture came to the northern areas. Inner Mongolia is burdened by farming and overgrazing, leading to desertification. From macro historical perspective, desertification is inevitable in Inner Mongolia, since agriculture model depends on scales.
Nomadism vs Semi-nomadism
In Qing dynasty, the kingdom divided Mogolia into Qixian, and forbade residents to graze across Qi. This urged normads to settle down in one place. Meanwhile, the population of lords and relatives was growing. With poor technical conditions, the normads were forced to to graze in limited areas.
After 1949, land reclamation exploded during People's Commune and Culture Revolution. Reclamation damaged the land. The development back then was still agriculture model.
After 1989 land revolution, the nomads have the right to use the grassland. But with competitive marketing, normads were not able to develop technology in short term. They had to simply extensively cultivate the land.